Conservation and Preservation
Until the late 19th Century, several Native American tribes lived in this region using the Armand Bayou area for hunting and fishing. The preserve is home to more than 370 species of birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. These wildlife species include white-tailed deer, armadillo, swamp rabbits, bobcats, coyotes, turtles, alligators, frogs, and venomous and non-venomous snakes. Over 220 species of birds reside here or rely on the Nature Center as a safe resting-place on their long migratory journeys. Armand Bayou Nature Center is located along the Central Flyway. The Central Flyway is the largest migratory bird route in North America. Visitors may hear the melody of songbirds such as warblers, flycatchers, orioles, and painted buntings while birding at the Nature Center. The cry of birds-of-prey can also be heard such as osprey, owls, kites, and hawks. The vegetation of Armand Bayou is characteristic of East Texas coastal plain. The bayou is in a biological transition zone between the southern mixed hardwood forest, the coastal prairie, and the coastal salt marshes. The site contains the remnants of one of the few remaining native prairies, small areas of shallow, brackish marshlands, and bottomland hardwood or riparian woodland areas. These areas are historically and ecologically important and require constant efforts in preservation and restoration.
Successfully managing the natural and cultural resources of ABNC requires a carefully planned approach. The strategies employed must be based on sound science and natural resource management techniques. This plan incorporates these as well as prioritizes the many stewardship needs required to implement successful land management. Environmental conditions and biological unknowns will need to be resolved and management procedures may need to be adjusted, as their impact upon the biological communities becomes better understood. Cooperation between numerous organizations and agencies will need to be strengthened and expanded. Balancing these many needs and goals against available funding requires that ABNC have a natural resource management plan. Go to NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PLAN 2002 - 2007 to view the management plan in more detail.